How to avoid damage to your turbo

Turbo Care is passionate about maintaining a reputation of superb service delivery to our clients through Turbocharger repairs, services and supplying Turbocharger parts across the industry. We also supply Diesel turbo and Engine boosting Earthmoving turbo repairs. 


The effects of oil contamination on a turbo

Turbo Care offers definitive services to ensure that our client’s vehicles and engines are as durable and efficient as possible. We are specialists in the turbo supplying industry. 

Oil contaminants have particular components that are actively involved in the turbo driving process. Damage to the engine as a whole can be sustained through the bearing systems and the cylinders of the engine. 

Clean filtered engine oil is imperative in maintaining the turbo throughout the driving capacity. By understanding how the oil can be contaminated, vehicle owners can identify how to prevent faulty turbo chargers. 


Should you repair or buy a new turbo

A turbocharger enhances the power of your car as well as its overall efficiency. Because of various environmental issues, big engine cars are now being substituted with smaller turbocharged engines. 

Your vehicle will not necessarily have a single turbocharger. Many high-performance cars now use two or multiple turbochargers.

There is no doubt that turbochargers increase the performance of your car. However, you must watch out for some common problems with your turbocharger so that you can resolve this before making the choice to buy a new one or have it repaired.

Some of the problems you should watch out for in your turbocharger include:

  • Poor acceleration

  • Lack of power

  • Loud siren type noise

  • Increased oil consumption

  • Excessive exhaust smoke

When you discover any of these problems with your turbocharger, the first step is to have the cause of the problem examined by a specialist. This will tell you whether to buy a new one or to repair the current turbocharger.

Some of the common reasons a turbocharger develops faults include:

  • Heavy usage

  • Old age (wear and tear)

  • Poor oil quality leading to carbon deposits

  • Cracked or poor seals

  • Leaking pipes

  • Not allowing the turbo cool down before switching off the engine

  • External substances entering the turbo

Whether to repair a turbo or to buy a new one is sometimes a tough decision to make. With a proper diagnosis of the nature of the problem your turbo is having, you can easily make up your mind.

In most cases, a turbocharger can be repaired, unless the outer housings are damaged. It is important that you get a warranty in case the turbo fails again.

When it comes to the fitting of a turbo charger, you should use the service of a professional turbo centre such as Turbo Care, where they back all turbocharger repair-work with a warranty.

Balancing your turbo correctly is critical in the proper functioning of it. If not done correctly you might need to replace your turbo sooner than expected.

Always remember that if you need to repair your turbocharger, you should take it to a turbo specialist who will dismantle it. They will examine individual parts such as the turbine-wheel-and shaft, the compressor wheel, bearings, bearing-housing, compressor housing, and turbine housing. This is important to find the reason your turbo is not performing. The worn parts will be replaced by the turbo specialist and your turbocharger will be as good as new.


Turbo failure and how to prevent this

Turbochargers are delicate components. They spin at over 100 000rpm and operate to incredibly tight tolerances, so have the potential for catastrophic failure.

That said, a well-maintained and healthy turbo should be able to last the life of the engine without any issues. Here with a few reasons a turbocharger fails, and, more importantly, how you can prevent this from destroying your turbo.

  • Oil contamination

Oil contamination is the biggest killer of turbos, irregular oil changes can cause carbon deposits to form in the oil, these then block the tiny oil ways in the turbo and starve it of sufficient lubrication.

Prevention: The best way to prevent oil contamination is regular servicing and frequent oil changes and the specified service intervals. Good quality oil of the correct grade for the application is a must too, as is cleanliness when any work is carried out to the engine.

  • Failed exhaust turbine

When the exhaust gases get too hot, as a result of poor engine setup or running, the turbine shaft in the turbo can get so hot it either melts or the turbine wheels can completely separate from the shaft!

Prevention: The only way to avoid this, and other serious engine failures, is to ensure the engine is running correctly at all times.

  • Impact damage to compressor wheel

With such tight tolerances inside the turbo, and the compressor wheel spinning at over 100 000rpm, any foreign object that is allowed to enter the turbo can cause total destruction in seconds. Even a small piece of debris hitting the compressor wheel will knock things out of balance and an out of balance turbo only has seconds to live!

Prevention: The only route into the compressor wheel is via the air filter, so ensure the air filter is doing its job properly and not allowing any dirt or debris to pass through it .

Reasons you should not use non-genuine turbo parts

Turbo components have systematic capabilities that rely on professional manufacturing. Turbo Care is an industry specialist in turbo manufacturing.

Turbo Care invests in quality manufactured turbo components that are durable and affordable. Non-OEM manufactured turbo parts can cause more damage to the vehicle’s driving integrity and other mechanical components in the vehicle.

The size of the turbocharger should match precisely. The bearings and seals should not be ill-fitted, even if properly installed as this could have disastrous effects long term. This will ultimately leave seal gaps and shaft play, which can result in unstable and poor performance, which will end up being less efficient.

Balance is an integral part of the vehicle’s driving capability. An oversized or undersized turbo can cause disintegrated friction and cause an imbalance, and subsequent danger to the driver. The only way to test if the turbocharger is balanced efficiently is if the turbocharger revs up to 100 000 revs per minute.

Additional elements to the manufacturing capacity of the turbo components fitted is the alloying elements, heat treatments, surface finishes and dimensional tolerance in order to ensure sustainability By using non-genuine turbo parts, drivers will not be issued a warranty, resulting in costly parts

Get in touch with Turbo Care for more information.

Do turbocharged cars require more maintenance ?

Turbocharged cars

A turbocharged car has the capability to drive at an exponentially higher speed than a normal engine, and can drive in terrains that are susceptible to high slopes and inclinations based on the revs per minute.

The turbocharger is a power-boosting device which is attached to the vehicle exhaust manifold which has two separate ports. Turbo charged engines increase the combustion chambers and overall temperature of the vehicle, which in turn causes more strain on all internal components such as the pistons, valves and head gasket.

Turbocharged cars require frequent oil changes and fresh spark plugs on a regular basis. An interesting aspect to consider is that turbo engines typically don’t require additional service intervals in comparison to naturally aspirated engines.

High performance upgrades such as turbo kit upgrades usually require upgrades to associated components of the vehicle. This includes components such as the exhaust system and intercooler components. This contributes to an overall higher variable cost.

Transmission fluid changes also affect the throttle capacities of the vehicle. Flooring the throttle on a regular basis puts more stress on the engine, transmission, tires, suspension and the brakes.

Fuel is also a major deciding factor in whether to invest in a turbocharged vehicle or not. A turbo charger can utilise less fuel when coasting, idling or driving in stop and go traffic.

Contact Turbo Care for a versatile range of turbo charged solutions, tailored to meet your turbo charged related requirements.

Is the idling rule with turbo cars a myth ?

When you’re driving a turbo car at a high rpm, it needs some time to cool down before you shut down the engine. This is called the idling rule. A lot of people don’t believe it is necessary. We’re here to tell you whether or not the idling rule for turbo cars is a myth.

What is the idling rule?

After some hard driving, the turbo intake and exhaust compressors need some time to cool down. Slow down for the last km of your drive to let these systems cool down a little bit. Keep your rpms low as you’re approaching your destination. When you reach your destination and your car comes to a stop, let your car idle. If you have kept your rpms low for the last km of your drive, or your entire drive was a relaxed one, let your car idle for half a minute before turning it off. If you didn’t follow this procedure, and your rpms were high throughout your drive, let your car idle for at least a minute.

The idling rule can be applied to your engine in the morning as well. Let your car idle for 30 to 60 seconds after starting it before you touch the accelerator. This method is advisable for diesel and petrol cars. Be aware that if you are driving a petrol turbo car, it gets hotter than a diesel.

Why is it necessary?

It is not a myth! You may think that the idling rule is not worth your time, but believe me, it is. If you shut off your engine immediately after a hard drive, you could damage your turbocharger. In fact, this is the main cause of turbocharger’s failing! Be patient and let your car idle for a minute for the sake of your turbo.

Can you put a turbo on any engine ?

Turbocharged engines are slightly different to standard engines. This is because they use excess gas to bring more air into the intake valve while a non-turbo engine, also called a naturally aspirated engine (NASP), uses natural air for this. Fitting a turbo to a non-turbo engine is a difficult job, but it’s not impossible.

What you need:

The turbo

The turbo needs to be the appropriate size for your engine. TD04 is a popular choice among cars between 1.6 to 2.0 L.


You’ll need to make oil line modifications on any non-turbo engine in order to attach the turbo to the vehicle’s oil system for cooling. This could require sump modifications as well.


Sometimes you will find that there are already pipe kits that can connect the turbo to your vehicle’s intake manifold. If you cannot find a kit for your model of car, you can have them custom made.


You’ll need to invest in either a piggyback or standalone electronic control unit (ECU). This is so that the ratio of air and fuel injected in your engine is maintained. The piggyback ECU intercepts the signals entering and exiting your current ECU. A standalone ECU is pre-programmed and replaces your current ECU. The standalone ECU is the more expensive option.

You should consider having your turbo installed by a professional . They will take all the necessary precautions and change what needs to be changed for the turbo to run perfectly on any engine.

Turbo replacement do’s and don’ts

Replacing a car’s turbo can be a tricky job. Whether you’re replacing the turbo for an upgrade or you’re replacing it because the previous one has failed, there are a couple of do’s and don’ts to take note of. Follow these turbo replacement do’s and don’ts to ensure that the replacement is a smooth process

Turbo Replacement Do’s

  • Allow the engine to run until it is hot, then turn it off and drain the oil.

  • Get rid of the old oil filter and disconnect the oil feed pipe.

  • Unscrew the exhaust from the turbo.

  • Take out the old turbo, either through the top or bottom of the engine compartment.

  • Compare the old and new turbo to be sure they are the same.

  • Connect everything that you removed from the old turbo to the new turbo.

  • Drop some engine oil into the turbo oil compartment.

  • Fit a new oil filter.

  • Start the engine and then turn it off shortly after to check for leaks.

  • Leave the engine to idle until it reaches the right temperature.



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